7 Indiana Traffic Laws Drivers Commonly Ignore

In Indiana, many drivers ignore or forget crucial traffic laws like passing on the left and not tailgating.

As a driver in Indiana, it’s important to be aware of the state’s traffic laws and regulations. However, even when you’re familiar with the laws, you could end up breaking them without realizing it.

Here we take a look at seven traffic laws that drivers often ignore. You can stay safe on the road by knowing and following these rules.

Further reading:

1. Indiana Slower Traffic Keep Right Law: The “Move Over” Rule

When you are moving slower than the other vehicles on the road, Indiana law says you must drive in the right lane. If that is not feasible, you must stay as far right as you can. You can exit the right lane to turn left or pass another car.

A vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place under the conditions then existing shall be driven in the right-hand lane then available for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except when overtaking and passing another vehicle or when preparing for a left turn.

IC 9-21-8-2

2. Indiana Flow of Traffic Law: The “Minimum Speed” Rule

In Indiana, you can get a ticket for driving too slowly if your speed interferes with traffic flow. The law creates an exception for situations where a slower speed is necessary for safety or compliance with other laws.

If you are driving slowly and block 3 or more drivers that cannot pass you to the left, you must yield the right-of-way. To do this, you must pull to the right of the road and allow the other vehicles to pass.

A person may not drive a motor vehicle at a slow speed that impedes or blocks the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with the law.

A person who is driving at a slow speed so that three (3) or more other vehicles are blocked and cannot pass on the left around the vehicle shall give right-of-way to the other vehicles by pulling off to the right of the right lane at the earliest reasonable opportunity and allowing the blocked vehicles to pass.

IC 9-21-5-7

3. Indiana Driving in Left Lane Law: The “Passing on the Left” Rule

According to Indiana traffic laws, you need to pass on the left at a safe distance. You must wait until you have safely cleared the other car before driving back to the right side of the road.

When driving on a two-lane road, you cannot pass a vehicle in front of you unless the left side is clear of oncoming traffic. You must have enough space to complete the pass before coming within 100 feet of an approaching vehicle.

If another driver is passing you, the law requires you to yield the right of way if the overtaking driver sounds their horn. You also cannot increase your speed while you are being passed.

A person who drives a vehicle overtaking another vehicle shall pass to the left of the other vehicle at a safe distance and may not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.

Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, a person who drives an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and may not increase the speed of the overtaken vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.

IC 9-21-8-5

A vehicle may not be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and passing another vehicle unless the left side of the roadway is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit the overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or a vehicle overtaken.

The overtaking vehicle must return to the right-hand side of the roadway before coming within one hundred (100) feet of a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction.

IC 9-21-8-7

4. Indiana Rear-End Collision Law: The “Following Too Closely” Rule

When following another vehicle in Indiana, make sure to keep a safe distance in front of you. You cannot legally follow another vehicle more closely than is “reasonable and prudent.” The amount of space you need to leave depends on how fast you are driving, the time interval between vehicles, and road conditions.

A person who drives a motor vehicle may not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable and prudent, having due regard for the speed of both vehicles, the time interval between vehicles, and the condition of the highway.

IC 9-21-8-14

5. Indiana Mobile Phone Driving Law: The “Hands-Free Driving” Rule

Texting while driving is illegal in Indiana. When the vehicle is moving, you cannot type, send, or read text messages or emails without hands-free technology. You can break this rule to report a bona fide emergency to 911.

A person may not use a telecommunications device to type a text message or an electronic mail message; transmit a text message or an electronic mail message; or read a text message or an electronic mail message while operating a moving motor vehicle unless the device is used in conjunction with hands free or voice operated technology, or unless the device is used to call 911 to report a bona fide emergency.

IC 9-21-8-59

6. Indiana Four-Way Intersection Law: The “4-Way Stop” Rule

When two vehicles arrive at an Indiana intersection at the same time, the vehicle on the right goes first. The driver on the left must yield the right-of-way and wait for their turn.

Except when approaching through highways and areas in which signs are posted giving other instructions, when two (2) vehicles approach or enter an intersection from different highways at approximately the same time, the person who drives the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right.

IC 9-21-8-29

7. Indiana Left Turn Intersection Law: The “Right of Way” Rule

To make a legal left turn in Indiana, you must yield the right-of-way to oncoming traffic. If a vehicle coming from the other direction is too close, you must wait to turn. After you yield and give a signal, you can then make your left.

A person who drives a vehicle within an intersection intending to turn to the left shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction that is within the intersection or so close to the intersection as to constitute an immediate hazard.

After yielding and giving a signal as required by this chapter, the person who drives the vehicle may make the left turn, and the persons who drive other vehicles approaching the intersection from the opposite direction shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle making the left turn.

IC 9-21-8-30

While you must obey many rules while on the road, some Indiana drivers ignore them all too often. To avoid getting a ticket or causing an accident, make sure you know and follow all traffic laws. Remember, it’s always better to be safe than sorry on the road. Remain alert and drive carefully so that everyone can make it home safely.

Amy Grover is a licensed attorney in the state of Ohio. After graduating magna cum laude from the University of Cincinnati College of Law, then passing the bar exam in 2014, Amy began her diverse career as a practicing attorney. Amy has a range of experience in the legal field, including work with the Department... Read More >>