Vaccine Injury Statistics and Compensation Amounts

Get the facts on vaccine injuries in the U.S., like how many people are having serious reactions, filing claims and receiving compensation.

Vaccination is a life-saving medical innovation that creates no serious problems for most people. Like any other medication, vaccines can cause side effects, but the majority of immunization side effects are very mild. However, in rare situations, vaccines can cause serious injuries such as a severe allergic reaction.

This article will review vaccine injury statistics regarding these rare complications, as well as the compensation received by those who suffer immunization injuries.

Notable Statistics:

  • Between 2006 and 2018, while over 3.7 trillion vaccine doses were distributed in the U.S., only 5,376 compensable injury claims were filed with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP).
  • Since the inception of VICP, 7,826 claims have been compensated for a total of over $4 trillion in awards.
  • In the 2020 fiscal year, VICP paid 734 compensated awards for vaccine injuries, with award amounts totaling $186,885,678. 
  • In 2020, more than 46,000 reports of adverse effects following vaccinations were made to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS).

Vaccine injury claims statistics

National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program

The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) is a no-fault alternative to traditional litigation designed to resolve vaccine injury claims. It’s administered by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), which is an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

The VICP was created by the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. The act was passed in response to the potential threats of vaccine shortages and reduction of vaccination rates caused by lawsuits against vaccine companies and health care providers.

Anyone who believes they were injured as a result of receiving a vaccine covered by VICP can file a petition. Parents can file for children, guardians can file for disabled adults and personal representatives can file for the deceased. VICP reviews the claims and provides financial compensation to people who are injured by a covered vaccine.

VICP Claims Statistics

Between 2006 and 2018, over 3.7 trillion doses of vaccines were distributed in the U.S. During this same period, only 5,376 compensable injury claims were filed with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. This means about 0.00014% of vaccine doses resulted in injuries receiving compensation from VICP.

The chart below details the dispositions of VICP claims between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2018. The “compensable claims” category includes compensation achieved through concessions by the HHS, decisions on the merits by a special master or a judge, or a settlement between the parties.

Name of Vaccine Listed First in a Petition Number of Doses Distributed in the U.S. Compensable Claims Dismissed/ Non- Compensable Claims Total Claims
DT 794,777 6 4 10
DTaP 105,474,077 159 126 285
DTaP-Hep B-IPV 74,255,807 42 57 99
DTaP-HIB 1,135,474 3 2 5
DTaP-IPV 27,884,804 5 3 8
DTap-IPV-HIB 68,409,736 16 39 55
DTP 0 5 2 7
DTP-HIB 0 3 1 4
Hep A-Hep B 16,923,878 18 7 25
Hep B-HIB 4,787,457 4 1 5
Hepatitis A (Hep A) 189,707,214 59 34 93
Hepatitis B (Hep B) 198,868,169 92 87 179
HIB 128,789,396 14 10 24
HPV 121,642,555 145 208 353
Influenza 1,672,400,000 3,804 662 4,466
IPV 75,537,282 5 5 10
Measles 135,660 1 0 1
Meningococcal 106,233,254 50 16 66
MMR 108,389,441 130 132 262
MMR-Varicella 28,376,497 24 16 40
Mumps 110,749 0 0 0
Nonqualified 0 3 38 41
OPV 0 1 5 6
Pneumococcal Conjugate 250,151,136 76 53 129
Rotavirus 116,651,363 46 17 63
Rubella 422,548 2 0 2
Td 68,120,632 80 28 108
Tdap 270,851,285 470 98 568
Tetanus 3,836,052 59 21 80
Unspecified 0 6 592 598
Varicella 121,855,108 48 22 70
Grand Total 3,761,744,351 5,376 2,286 7,662

In the 2020 fiscal year, VICP issued 734 compensated awards for vaccine injuries, with award amounts totaling $186,885,677.55, which averages to $254,612.64 per claim. The program also paid out an additional $20,217,550.29 in attorneys’ fees and costs payments, averaging $27,544.35 per claim.

Since the inception of VICP, 7,826 claims have been compensated for a total of over $4 trillion in awards.Compensation for vaccine injuries

Adverse Effects of Vaccination

Reports of adverse vaccine effects

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) administer a national vaccine safety surveillance program called the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS).

VAERS exists to detect potential vaccine safety issues by collecting information about adverse events occurring after vaccination. Anyone, including health care professionals, vaccine manufacturers, and members of the general public can report post-vaccination health issues to VAERS.

In 2020, VAERS received more than 46,000 reports of adverse effects following vaccinations. However, fewer than 9,000 of the reports indicated that the patient scheduled a doctor’s office visit in response to the side effects, and only 4,460 reports included an emergency room or emergency department visit.

Recent Vaccine Safety Concerns

According to the CDC, despite the overwhelming benefits of vaccines, there have been a variety of historical vaccine safety concerns involving problems with specific vaccines. Most recently, in 2013, one batch of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Gardasil was recalled after a manufacturing process error. No health problems were reported.

Similarly, in 2007, Merck voluntarily recalled 1.2 million doses of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccines. The recall was completely precautionary and was issued due to concerns of potential contamination by the B. cereus bacteria. No evidence of B. cereus infection was identified in recipients of the recalled vaccines.Recent vaccine safety issues If you or someone you love has been injured by a vaccine, you may be eligible to receive compensation through VICP. However, in cases where you can establish that another party was at fault, you can still file a traditional liability-based lawsuit for money damages.

The first step in evaluating your situation is to discuss your injury with a personal injury attorney near you. Most law firms offer free initial consultations to review the facts of your case and potential legal claims you might have.

Amy Grover is a licensed attorney in the state of Ohio. After graduating magna cum laude from the University of Cincinnati College of Law, then passing the bar exam in 2014, Amy began her diverse career as a practicing attorney. Amy has a range of experience in the legal field, including work with the Department... Read More >>